COVID-19 Links & Misinformation Database

Our COVID-19 Links & Misinformation Database keeps track of URLs shared in tweets mentioning “Coronavirus” or “COVID” (including “COVID19”, “COVID_19”, “COVIDCanada”, etc…) . Once collected, URLs are categorized into one of the following categories:


Imposter, misinformation and malicious websites. They are often disguised to appear like a mainstream news organization and may include articles on regular news and events with intent to mislead. This category also includes websites of news organizations known to share false or misleading stories related to the coronavirus.


Websites for business organizations and publications that advocate on issues and policies that affect business and economic interests. This category also includes commercial online services (like and corporate websites (like

Government & Public Health Agencies

Websites for governments and governmental bodies at all levels within Canada and internationally, including public health agencies and authorities.

Mainstream Media

Media organizations in Canada and internationally that report on news, issues and events at local, provincial, national and international levels using traditional media (print, radio and TV) and digital platforms. Includes domains owned and operated by news and media organizations listed at News Media Canada, the Canadian Association of Broadcasters, Magazines Canada and many others.


Websites for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and non-profit, civil society organizations which operate independent of government to address specific issues or causes. They can be international or Canadian-based and be active at local, provincial or national levels.

Political Parties and Politicians

Registered and eligible political parties and candidates at the federal level in Canada and internationally.

Other/Misc. Sites

Websites that don’t fit into any other category, or that have not yet been categorized.

Partisan and Hyper-partisan Sites

Partisan websites operated by individuals or groups that advocate for a specific organization or point of view. Partisan websites can appear similar to mainstream media and include articles and reporting on news, issues and events, but a defining characteristic is the use of content that promotes or favours a specific issue or a particular political or ideological position.


Websites that use satire, humour or irony to entertain and explore contemporary political, cultural and social issues. They are non-partisan and target both sides of the political spectrum. 

Social Media

Links to content shared on other social media sites such as YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, Reddit, TikToK, Tumblr, etc…

Think Tanks/Pollsters

Websites owned by independent, non-profit policy and research institutes that conduct research on and advocate for social, economic and policy issues. Pollsters conduct opinion polls on a range of subjects and issues, including voter preference polls during election campaigns.